Concrete Degradation And How To Prevent It

Even though concrete is considered as one of the most durable raw materials for building construction, the risk of material degradation still exists. tile installation company degradation is the process where the concrete loses its durability which makes it more vulnerable to damage. The causes of concrete degradation range from fire hazards, aggregate expansion, corrosion of reinforcement bars, chemical damage (such as carbonation, leaching, and decalcification), bacterial corrosion, physical damage, thermal damage and radiation damages.

Consumers can employ different measures in order to mitigate the adverse effects of concrete degradation on structures and properties. For degradation resulting from chemical damage, certain components may be added to the concrete to mitigate the harm. To prevent corrosion of concrete reinforcement, consumers could consider adding fibers in the concrete to reduce the corrosion and rusting. Furthermore, adding fibers can diminish and prevent concrete fractures. These fibers can enhance the effect of the wire mesh that keeps the cracks from worsening.

Concrete hardeners or densifiers is another additive that may also protect the concrete from water, salt, and chemical acid interference that commonly results to efflorescence. Efflorescence adversely affects the concrete materials because of the salt that penetrates its surface. Chemical acids, on the other hand, can dissolve and soften the cement, which is an ingredient of concrete.

Since concrete is a porous substance, it is at risk of physical damage during cold season. Water penetrates the concrete and this freezes during the winter season. When this happens, it expands and adds pressure to the material that can fracture the concrete. This additional pressure outstrips the concrete strength and results to this phenomenon. Air entraining admixtures can be added to the initial mixture to prevent this occurrence from happening. These agents create minute air pockets in the concrete. When the water inside the concrete ices up and solidifies, the frozen water will expand to the air bubbles rather than affecting the material itself. This eliminates the risk of damaging and cracking the concrete because of the expansion of frozen water. Concrete hardeners can also be used in order to counteract future freeze-thaw injuries and water penetration.

Elimination of the risk of physical breakdown is totally impossible for concrete since it is always subject to pressure and extreme weight. However, constructors can employ techniques to minimize the appearance of the effects of wear and tear. They can use sand blasting and diamond grinding in order to even out scratches and clumps in the concrete material. Sealers for concrete maintenance can also be used to put protective coating over the surface abrasions in the concrete.

Having an idea about the reasons of concrete degradation and how to avoid suffering damage from these is beneficial to maximize the use of the material. It is also suggested that consumers consult the experts regarding the use of concrete in order to obtain a more comprehensive idea of how to protect the material. Like what a popular saying states, it is more advantageous to prevent damages rather than look for ways to solve problems after they have occurred.

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